Meet the seeds

Our seeds are a colourful cast of characters. Here's what we grow out on a rotating basis.

 

Bean varieties

Cultivar name Botanical name Research date Description
Aramis Phaseolus vulgaris   green slender French filet bean, prolific, tender
Beures de Rocquencourt Phaseolus vulgaris 1850 yellow filet bean, very tender, long slender, black seed
Black Knight Phaseolus coccineus 1654 vigorous climber, red flowers, shell or dry, black seed
Black Turtle Phaseolus vulgaris 1806 small bean, famous in Black Bean Soup, productive, hardy
Black Valentine Phaseolus vulgaris 1850 green, very early, cold tolerant, black seed, before 1850
Blue Lake Phaseolus vulgaris 1961 green, very reliable, all-purpose, heavy yields even in adverse conditions, white seed
Bountiful Phaseolus vulgaris 1898 green, slightly flat, dev. In NY but named by a Canadian, dark yellow seed with darker hilum
Brittle Wax Phaseolus vulgaris 1900 yellow, round, all-purpose, very productive, white with black "soldier" at hilum
Caseknife Phaseolus vulgaris 1820 green slightly flat pods, strong climber, fresh, shell, dry, white seed
Dark Red Kidney Phaseolus vulgaris 1880 long kidney-shaped, soup, chili, baking, 1880s
Dragon Tongue Phaseolus vulgaris   considered a wax bean, creamy white flat with purple streaks, stays tender, Dutch
Dutch Brown Phaseolus vulgaris   amber brown, good in cooler climates, used as dry bean or fresh when young
Dwarf Horticultural Phaseolus vulgaris 1845 pinkish with purple streaks, oval, colorful pods, before 1845
Florida Speckled Lima Butterbean Phaseolus lunatus 1840 white with purplish markings when shelled, dries to white and dark blue-black, heat tolerant, 1840s, pole
French Horticultural Phaseolus vulgaris   pale yellow with red streaks, can be shelled young, dry or fresh, mottled seed
Genuine Cornfield Pole Phaseolus vulgaris 1835 green round pods, best as shell bean, buff with brown striped seed, before 1835
Grandma Nellie Chernoff's Yellow Pole Phaseolus vulgaris   very prolific, hardy, brownish purple slightly flat seed
Great Northern Phaseolus vulgaris 1907 larger white navy-type, soups, baking, cooks quickly, heavy yields, before 1907
Hutterite Phaseolus vulgaris 1750 greenish yellow with dark hilum, oval, excellent for soups, from Hutterites (a religious sect from Austria) in western Canada, 1750s
Ireland Creek Annie Phaseolus vulgaris   light brown, long, brought from Britain in 1920's, early, cooking, baking
Jackson Wonder Bush Lima Butterbean Phaseolus lunatus 1888 shell or dry, mottled redish tan with darker markings, drought tolerant
Jacob's Cattle Phaseolus vulgaris   white with redish brown markings, oblong, favourite in New England for soups, baking, ancient origin
Jesse Fiske Phaseolus vulgaris 1740 tan with dark red markings, oval, soups, baking, fresh when young
Kentucky Wonder Pole Phaseolus vulgaris 1864 green pods, also for shelling, pods slightly wrinkled, brown seed, before 1864
Lemon Yellow Phaseolus vulgaris 1750 yellow with dark hilum, oval, distinctive flavour for soups, baking, delicious, before 1750
Low's Champion Phaseolus vulgaris 1884 brownish purple, oval, soup, baking, fresh when young, from Aaron Low Seed Co.
Magpie Phaseolus vulgaris 1909 green pods on upright plants, long pointed ends, from France, before 1909, white with mostly black ended seed
Maine Yellow Eye Phaseolus vulgaris   white with amber marking at hilum, best for baking, very old and respected
Marfax Phaseolus vulgaris   golden colour, oval, all-purpose, New England favourite, rare
Mayflower Phaseolus vulgaris 1620 shorter green pod, good as dry bean, said to have arrived on Mayflower, 1620, squarish white and red seed
McCaslan Pole Phaseolus vulgaris 1900 green, slightly flat, always stringless, long lasting, prolific, white seed, before 1900, from McCasland family
Missouri Wonder Phaseolus vulgaris 1867 green pods, also for shelling, vigorous climber, brown with darker mottled seed
Money Phaseolus vulgaris   redish brown with darker markings, oval, brought from England, very rare
Navy Phaseolus vulgaris   small round white pea bean, for Navy Bean Soup, small plants, hardy, very old variety
Noreaster Pole Phaseolus vulgaris   green pods, early, tender, adapted to cooler climates, white seed
Old Homestead Phaseolus vulgaris 1850 green pods, smoother, grown in South but productive in North as well, brownish dun seed, before 1850
Pencil Pod Wax Phaseolus vulgaris 1900 yellow, very reliable, all-purpose, dev. In NY, black seed, before 1900
Pink Phaseolus vulgaris   light salmon colour, brought to Europe by Spainards chili, baking, has adapted to southern Ontario
Pinto Phaseolus vulgaris   pinkish buff with darker markings, oval, popular for chili, refried beans, has adapted to southern Ontario
Provider Phaseolus vulgaris 1965 green, very reliable, hardy, heavy yields, tender, pinkish purple seed
Purple Queen Phaseolus vulgaris 1888 purple pod turns green when cooked, purplish tan seed, before 1888
Red Kidney Phaseolus vulgaris 1857 similar to Dark Red Kidney, chili, baking, soup, before 1857
Red Mexican Phaseolus vulgaris 1855 red oval chili bean, soup, heat tolerant, before 1855
Red Peanut Phaseolus vulgaris 1855 small but productive, beautiful red pods at maturity, heat tolerant, before 1855
Red Valentine Phaseolus vulgaris 1832 green, round, long lasting, stays tender, red seed with lighter tinges
Robin's Egg Horticultural Pole Phaseolus vulgaris   pods streaked, best as shell bean, plump brown with darker splashed seed
Royal Burgundy Phaseolus vulgaris 1957 purple pod turns green when cooked, dev. In New Hampshire, dun seed
Sister Alda No. 1 Phaseolus vulgaris    
Sister Alda No. 2 Phaseolus vulgaris    
Soldier Phaseolus vulgaris 1800 white with redish brown "soldier" standing on guard at hilum, oblong, favourite for baking in Maine and New Hampshire, before 1800
Sungold Wax Phaseolus vulgaris 1871 pale yellow, very adaptable, tender, long lasting, white seed
Swedish Brown Phaseolus vulgaris 1830 brown with lighter hilum, good for cooler climates, soup, baking
Tendergreen Phaseolus vulgaris 1922 dark green pods, all-purpose, heat tolerant, black-brown-buff mottled seed
Tennessee Green Pod Phaseolus vulgaris 1904 green, full pods, early, stocky plants, good everywhere, dun seed, before 1904
Tongue of Fire Phaseolus vulgaris 1800 fawn with red streaks, horticultural type for shelling, fresh or dry, seed like pod, 1800s
Trout Black and White Phaseolus vulgaris   white with black markings, good for short seasons, soup, baking, rare
Vermont Cranberry Phaseolus vulgaris 1797 dark red with darker markings, exceptional baking qualities
Walcherse White Phaseolus vulgaris   dries well for soup, baking, from England, rare in North America
White Dutch Runner Phaseolus coccineus 1825 grows high, shell or dry, large white seed, white flowers, before 1825
Wren's Egg Phaseolus vulgaris 1825 pinkish tan with red streaks, horticultural type, may climb, seed similar to pod, very old variety
Yellow 100 Glycine max 1930 small round amber bean with darker hilum, fuzzy pods, dry
Yellow Eye Phaseolus vulgaris   white with broad amber hilum, soup, baking good in cooler climates, very old heirloom
Adzuki Vigna angularis   small red beans on compact plants, used as a fresh bean when young, baking, sprouting when dry, very high in protein
Bunyard's Exhibition (Fava) Vicia faba 1935 shell bean bush, upright plants, grows best in cool conditions, before 1935
Crimson Flowered (Fava) Vicia faba 1778 shell bean bush, cold tolerant, smaller green beans
Windsor Broadbean (Fava) Vicia faba 1863 English favourite broadbean, yields well in cooler conditions, before 1863
Christmas (Lima) Phaseolus lunatus 1840 large shell beans or dry at maturity, pole, white with dark maroon markings, most beautiful
Dixie Speckled Butterpea (Lima) Phaseolus lunatus   bush lima, squarish dark red with darker streaks, shell when young
Fordhook (Lima) Phaseolus lunatus 1907 smaller white beans, bush, needs a warm growing season
Henderson Bush (Lima) Phaseolus lunatus 1889 baby lima or dry, said to be found on a roadside in Virginia, good yields
King of the Garden (Lima) Phaseolus lunatus 1883 large white seeds, soft white shelling, vigorous climber
Painted Lady (Runner) Phaseolus coccineus 1596 prolific, white-red flowers, strong pole, shades of brown seed
Scarlet Runner (Runner) Phaseolus coccineus 1750 classic runer bean, red flowers, scarlet with blue-black splotch at hilum and over half the bean, before 1750

 

 

Tomato varieties (Solanum lycopersicum)

Cultivar name Research date Description
Abe Lincoln 1885 77 days, indeterminate. Pinkish red, round, contains few seeds, dense, Amish heirloom. Short bushy plants.
Alpha Pink 1915 pink, perfectly round, early
Amish Paste   82 days, indeterminate. Red, oval, large, needs staking, juicey, dense, first grown in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, Landis Valley Museum.
Anna Russian   pinkish red, heart-shaped, slow starter, juicey
Arkansas Traveler 1880 89 days, indeterminate. Pinkish red, round. Can produce in drought conditions.
Azoychka   golden yellow, oblate, average 3" tomatoes on 5' vines, Russian woman's name
Big Rainbow   102 days, indeterminate. Golden orange with red streaks inside and out, very large, needs long season, summer desert. From Polk County, Minnesota. Subject to catfacing and cracking. Fruit may weigh 2lbs or more.
Black Cherry   very dark red, round, tall plants need staking, salads
Black Prince   deep garnet red to dark purple, round, small plants
Blondkopfchen 1937 pale yellow, round, in clusters of 20-30, very tall plants, means blond children
Bonny Best 1908 75 days, indeterminate. Bright scarlet, round, solid flesh with dense colour, uniform. Large crop, fruit ripening right up to stem, few seeds, skin medium thickness, compact plants.
Brandywine 1885 90-100 days, indeterminate. Dark red with pink cast, potato leaf. Named for Pennsylvania's Brandywine Wine where the Amish have treasured it since 1885.
Bull's Heart   pink, heart-shaped, average 2 lbs, can be difficult
Burbank 1915 deep red, round, uniform
Burgess Stuffing 1924 red, bell pepper shaped, hollow for stuffing hot or cold
Cherokee Purple 1890 purplish red
Cherokee Purple potato leaf   purplish red with potato leaf
Craig's Unknown Red 1997 mostly red, may produce red and yellow tomatoes on same plant
Craig's Unknown Yellow 1997 mostly yellow, may produce yellow and red tomatoes on same plant
Dandy    
Dinner Plate   deep red, heart-shaped, very large, needs strong staking
Druzba   deep red, round, Bulgarian heirloom
Dufresne   pink, oblate, grown near Montreal, juicey
Earliest and Best 1956 red, round, all-purpose
Elbe 1889 deep yellow-orange, potato leaf, massive vines,from Elbe River Valley Germany
Fireball 1952 60 days, indeterminate. Bright red, slightly oval, point at blossom end, compact plants, early, dev by Harris seed Co NY. Short season, subject to green shoulders from sun scald due to lack of foliage for cover.
Garden Peach 1862 pale yellow with pink blush, fuzzy soft skin by keeps well, early
Gardener's Delight   bright red, round, 1-1.5", very sweet
Georgia Streak   yellow with red colouring emminating from blossom end, from Russia
Germaid Red   very large, lasts all season, thin skin, prolific
Glamour 1957 75 days, indeterminate. Bright red, oblate, all-purpose, drought tolerant, firm. Not disease-resistant vines.
Golden Delight 1972 55-57 days, indeterminate. Golden orange, early, round. Bred by S. Dakota University, released in 1972. Cross Sunray and Fireball. Resists cracking and sun scald. Low acid, high in vit A and C. Flesh is meaty with thick walls. Produce 10-13 lbs of fruit.
Green Grape 1986 78 days, indeterminate. Ripe fruit are yellow-green, greenish at the shoulder, amber yellow veins leading to a translucent yellow-green at the blossom end with neon-yellow flesh like Muscat grapes. 1" diameter in clusters of 4-12. Sweet distinct flavour.
Gregori's Altai   purplish red, dense, cold tolerant, grown near Altai mountains on Chinese-Siberian border in Novosibirsk
Ground Cherry (Physalis pruinosa) 1779 amber berry inside papery husks, unpleasant eaten green, snacks, jam, pies, pineapple flavour
Homestead 1952 80 days, determinate. Bright red, round, drought tolerant. Heavy foliage protects fruit from sun scald.
Hotset   red, round, will set fruit up to 90F, productive
Hungarian Pink Heart 1901 pink, heart-shaped, from small village near Budapest
Jefferson Giant 1880 deep pink, heart shaped, dense
Jubilee 1943 golden yellow, round solid, mild
Landry's Russian   bright red, round, uniform, brought to prairies by Russian immigrants
Large Red 1843 sometimes ribbed,listed in shaker catalouge
Ledoux Special   pinkish, oblate,potato leaf
Lemon Drop   68 days, indeterminate. Bright yellow, round, 1.5", snacks, salads, preserves. Extra sweet.
Lime Green Salad   yellow green and green inside when ripe, salads
Livingston Acme 1875 pinkish red, oblate, medium
Livingston Beauty 1886 purplish pink, slightly oblate, medium
Livingston Favorite 1883 deep scarlet, round, medium size, prolific
Livingston Globe 1905 rosey pinkish red, round, large, early
Livingston Gold Ball 1892 bright yellow, round, average 1.5", salads
Livingston Golden Queen 1882 bright yellow with pink blush at blossom end, medium size, contains few seeds, low acid
Livingston Honor Bright 1897 ripens from pale green to white to yellow to scarlet, round, medium size, foliage turns yellow
Livingston Magnus 1900 pink, oblate, potato leaf, medium size
Livingston Maincrop 1900 pink, round,large, sweet, 1900's
Livingston Paragon 1870 red, oblate, medium size, firm
Livingston Perfection 1880 deep crimson with purple tinge, oblate, medium
Livingston Stone 1889 bright red, medium size, solid, canning, salads, drought tolerant
Mammoth German Gold 1890 gold-deep gold with red streaks, marbled inside
Melfort 1973 bright red, round, dev at Melfort Research Station, Manitoba, to sithstand adverse weather
Moneymaker   77 days, indeterminate. Bright red, round, uniform, one of the oldest English heirlooms, greenhouse
Moscow 1949 bright red, round, slightly ribbed, very early, hardy, rugose foliage, brought to Canada by Doukhobors, light frost tolerant
Napoli   65 days, indeterminate. Paste, bright red, thick-necked pear-shaped, smaller paste but very dense
New Zealand Pink Pear   reddish pink, pear-shaped but fuller at blossom end, needs staking, sauces, slicing
Old Brooks   65 days, indeterminate. Rich red, oblate, early, all-purpose, smoolth. Large beefsteak type, few seeds, small core. Produces until frost.
Optimus 1885 crimson, round, smooth
Orange Russian   very early, good color, hardy, sweet
Pearly Pink   45 days, indeterminate. Rosey pinkish red, oval, steady producer, slightly larger than a cherry tomato, 1" in diameter, round cherry clustered in 6-8 fruit. Excellent resistance to cracking. A short season favourite.
Peasant Russian Paste   red, pear-shaped, distinctive point at blossom end, hardy, prolific, same size as Napoli
Pineapple   yellow with pinkish red coloring at blossom end and throughout
Polish   pinkish red, oblate, potato leaf, large plants
Polish Giant Paste   red, pear-shaped but fuller at blossom end, needs strong staking, canning, slicing
Princess Street 2000 bright red, round, found in sidewalk in Kingston, On
Quinte 1972 deep red, oblate, canning variety in eastern ON
Red Cherry 1840 bright red, round, .5", bushy rambling plants
Red Pear 1861 bright red, pear-shaped, snacks, salads
Roma Paste 1955 70 days, indeterminate. Bright red, thick-necked pear-shaped, slightly larger than Napoli and Peasant, reliable, sauces, canning, salads
Rutgers 1934 rich red, round, dev. by Campbell Soup Co. and Rutgers Univ, later hybridized after 1943, seeds from Irene O'Brien whose father obtained seeds in 1934
Sam's Small Paste   red, elongated up to 5", from Poland, canning, salads
Sasha's Altai   ruby red, oblate, Sasha travelled miles into Altai Mts. to find what he believed to be Siberia's best tomato
Scarlet Beefsteak   Very large, juicey. Seed from Heirloom Seeds, Pennsylvania.
Schellenburg's Favorite   110 days, very indeterminate. Redish orange, oblate, smooth, over 1lb. Crack resistant.
Snowball 1863 creamy white inside and out, oblate
Southern Nights   very dark red, round, hardy
Starfire 1964 72 days, determinate. Bright red, round, very early. Bushy compact plants that enjoy lighter soils. Low acid, high in vitamins. Bred from Earlinorth and Morden variety at Morden Research Station, Manitoba.
Stupice 1976 red, round, very early, cold tolerant, potato leaf, dev. by Milan Sodomka, Czech Rep.
Sweetie   50 days, indeterminate. Red, round, 15-20 in a cluster, sprawling plants, very sweet. Open-pollinated alternative for hybrid cherries.
Tigerella   red and orange stripes, early, prolific
Tiny Tim 1945 60 days, determinate. Bright red, round, hardy, compact plants, rugose foliage. Introduced in 1945 by the University of New Hampshire. Great for garden, pots and greenhouses. Tart flavour.
Trophy 1840 bright red, oblate
Urbanite 1930 red, oblate
White Queen 1882 white with pink touches at blossom end, oblate
Yellow Oxheart 1925 yellow-orange, heart-shaped
Yellow Pear 1805 75 days, indeterminate. Bright yellow, pear-shaped, strong plants, snacks, salads, marmalade in England. Described in 1805 by Persoon.

 

 

Other vegetable varieties

Type Cultivar name Botanical name Research date Description
Beet Bull's Blood Beta vulgaris 1840 dark red, slightly heart-shaped, tender red leaves
Beet Cylindra Beta vulgaris 1880 long, dense dark red, tops green with red veins, keep hilled, 1880s
Beet Detroit Dark Red Chenopodiaceae Beta vulgaris 1892 round, rich all-purpose beet, solid yet tender, dark green tops
Beet Early Wonder Beta vulgaris 1811 slightly tapered, dark red, spring or fall, all-purpose, succulent greens
Beet Golden Chenopodiaceae Beta vulgaris 1828 orange even when cooked, delicious grated raw in salads, tender green tops, before 1828
Broccoli DeCicco Brassica oleracea 1890 blue green center with many side shoots, long harvesting
Broccoli Green Goliath Brassicaceae Brassica oleracea   grown mainly for large center, hardy and reliable, late season
Broccoli Italian Sprouting or Calabrese Brassicaceae Brassica oleracea 1880 side shoots after center is cut, produces to frost, 1880s
Brussels Sprouts Bedford Fillbasket Brassicaceae Brassica oleracea   English variety can grow to 4', produces until Christmas
Brussels Sprouts Catskill Brassicaceae Brassica oleracea 1941 smaller sprouts, shorter plant, better in Northern climates
Cabbage Danish Ballhead Brassicaceae Brassica oleracea   green, round, slightly flat, late
Cabbage Early Jersey Wakefield Brassicaceae Brassica oleracea 1820 conical shaped, tight, light green, coleslaw, steamed
Cabbage Glory of Enkhuizen Brassicaceae Brassica oleracea 1899 green, round, late, from Holland
Cabbage Mammoth Red Rock Brassicaceae Brassica oleracea 1899 red, round, late, vigorous plants
Carrot Belgian White Umbelliferae Daucus carota 1863 long with green crowns above ground, tender, adaptable to most soils, mild, before 1863
Carrot Chantenay Red Cored Umbelliferae Daucus carota 1880 blocky but longer, sweetens in storage, adaptable to heavier soil, 1880s
Carrot Danvers Halflong Umbelliferae Daucus carota 1871 deep orange, slightly tapered, stores well, dev. In Danvers, Massachusetts
Carrot Oxheart Umbelliferae Daucus carota 1884 short heart-shaped, orange with lighter core, good in heavier soil, stores well
Carrot Purple Dragon Umbelliferae Daucus carota   purple with redish orange interior, blunt tip, dev. From Chinese heirloom
Carrot Scarlet Nantes Umbelliferae Daucus carota 1870 bright orange, blunt tipped, sweet, good for juicing, keeps well
Carrot St. Valery Umbelliferae Daucus carota 1885 very long pointed orange, sweet, tender, good as bunching carrots
Cauliflower Early Snowball Brassicaceae Brassica oleracea 1888 smaller heads requiring tying leaves to blanch
Celery Golden Self Blanching Umelliferae Apium graveolens 1885 yellow green foliage and outer stalks, whitens toward center, from France, needs moisture, before 1885
Collards Vates Brassicaceae Brassica oleracea   produces blue green leaves like cabbage, very nutricious
Corn Golden Bantam Gramineae Zea mays 1878 8 rows, short, creamy, very sweet old fashioned flavour
Cucumber Boston Pickling Cucumis sativus 1880 green best eaten and pickled when small, prolific if kept picked
Cucumber Early Russian Cucumis sativus 1860 green, very productive, slicing and pickling, best small-medium
Cucumber Improved Long Green Cucumis sativus 1842 larger, very crisp, slicing, slightly spiney
Cucumber Lemon Cucumis sativus 1894 round yellow with darker streaks, thin skin, small, tender flesh, salad
Cucumber Straight Eight Cucumis sativus 1935 dark green and smooth, grows long but not bitter, reliable
Eggplant Black Beauty Solanum melongena 1902 dark purple, keeps well, medium-large
Eggplant Diamond Solanum melongena    
Eggplant Morden Midget Solanum melongena   from Morden Experimental Station, Manitoba, compact plants, shorter season, small fruits one per plant
Kale Dwarf Green Scotch Brassicaceae Brassica oleracea 1863 compact plant with curly green leaves, high in calcium
Kale Red Russian Brassicaceae Brassica oleracea 1863 bluish purple leaves, bushy plant, very hardy, before 1863
Kohlrabi Early Purple Vienna Brassicaceae Brassica oleracea 1860 bluish purple bulb on sturdy stock, crisp white flesh
Kohlrabi White Vienna Brassicaceae Brassica oleracea 1869 greenish white, tender, cooked or grated raw
Leek Giant Carentan Amaryllidaceae Allium ampeloprasum 1855 plump white stalks, from S. France
Leek Musselburgh Amaryllidaceae Allium ampeloprasum 1834 long thick white stalks, from Firth of Forth, Scotland, overwinters well
Lettuce Arctic King Lactuca sativa 1900 small green firm soft heads, from England, cold tolerant, white seed
Lettuce Bibb Compositae Lactuca sativa 1850 green loosely folded heads, bronze tinged leaves, spring or fall, black seed
Lettuce Black Seeded Simpson Compositae Lactuca sativa 1850 green crumpled leaves, very early, adaptable, cold tolerant, slow to bolt
Lettuce Buttercrunch Compositae Lactuca sativa 1963 rich green leaves with yellow-white heart, long standing, tender, redish tinge, black seed
Lettuce Caroline Compositae Lactuca sativa 2000 red and green, dev. At Heathfield, very hardy in cold and heat, black seed
Lettuce Cimmaron Compositae Lactuca sativa 1700 deep red leaves, creamy yellow heart, crisp, very slow to bolt, black seed, 1700s
Lettuce Dark Green Romaine Compositae Lactuca sativa 1835 green upright leaves, self blanching, finely savoyed, white seed
Lettuce Deertongue Compositae Lactuca sativa 1740 green triangular round leaves, hardy, compact, black seed
Lettuce Dunsel Compositae Lactuca sativa   light green round leaves, upright, from Europe, cold tolerant, white seed
Lettuce Forellenschluss Compositae Lactuca sativa 1793 means speckled trout, speckled red and green leaves, grows well in shade, white seed, Austrian, if left becomes Romaine
Lettuce Four Seasons Compositae Lactuca sativa 1885 beautiful red and green leaves, pale heart, from France, tolerates cold and heat well, black seed, before 1885
Lettuce Grandpa Admire's Compositae Lactuca sativa 1822 green loose head, bronze edges, stays tender, slow to bolt, white seed
Lettuce Green Ice Compositae Lactuca sativa 1973 dark green savoyed leaves, slow to bolt, black seed
Lettuce Mate's Hungarian Compositae Lactuca sativa 1930 green, early, spring or fall, black seed, 1930s
Lettuce May Queen Compositae Lactuca sativa 1800 green with blanched heart, early, cold tolerant, good in coldframes, white seed, 1800s
Lettuce North Pole Compositae Lactuca sativa   compact light green loose head, very cold tolerant, revives after frost in cold frames, white seed, important heirloom
Lettuce Oakleaf Compositae Lactuca sativa 1827 tight rosettes of green oak leaf shaped leaves, very tender, long lasting, white seed
Lettuce Red Riding Hood Compositae Lactuca sativa   Boston type, bright red, slow to bolt, tender when young, black seed
Lettuce Red Sails Compositae Lactuca sativa 1985 early ruffled red leaves, slow to bolt, spring or fall, black seed
Lettuce Red Salad Bowl Compositae Lactuca sativa 1955 long deeply lobed leaves, tender, slow to bolt, black seed
Lettuce Rouge d'Hiver Compositae Lactuca sativa 1840 green to deep red leaves, very heat tolerant, will overwinter in cold frames, black seed, French variety, means red winter
Lettuce Rougette du Midi Compositae Lactuca sativa 1840 small red soft heads, very cold tolerant, good in cold frames, black seed
Lettuce Ruby Compositae Lactuca sativa 1958 bright green frilled savoyed leaves with intense red shades, slow to bolt, white seed
Lettuce Ruby Red Compositae Lactuca sativa   similar to Ruby but black seed, holds color even in summer heat
Lettuce Salad Bowl Compositae Lactuca sativa 1952 long light green wavey lobed leaves, tender, long lasting, black seed
Lettuce Tom Thumb Compositae Lactuca sativa 1830 small green heads, creamy yellow heart, individual serving, tender, black seed
Melon Hearts of Gold Cucumis melo 1890 muskmelon, deep orange flesh, netted skin, smaller fruits, good in short seasons
Melon Sweet Gold Canteloupe Cucumis melo 1400 cantaloupe, oval, smooth yellow skin, pale yellow flesh, French-Italian origins back to the 1400s
Onion Ailsa Craig Amaryllidacease Allium cepa 1887 yellow, round, named for island off English coast
Onion Dutch Shallot Amaryllidaceae Allium cepa 1866 orange yellow skin, white interior, good keeper, multiplier, small in clusters
Onion Early Yellow Globe Amaryllidaceae Allium cepa 1930 dark yellow, round, medium size, keeps well, cooking
Onion Evergreen Long White Bunching Amaryllidaceae Allium fistulosum 1880 green onions, non-bulbing, hardy, 1880s
Onion French Shallot Amaryllidaceae Allium cepa   redish pink skin, pinkish purple interior, 1-2", gourmet cooking, multiplier
Onion Red Wethersfield Amaryllidaceae Allium cepa 1834 red, flat, from Connecticut, good keeper
Onion Southport Red Globe Amaryllidaceae Allium cepa 1873 purplish red, white interior, pinkish tinge, storage
Onion Yellow of Parma Allium cepa    
Parsnip Hollow Crown Pastinaca sativa 1820 long white roots, tapered, best after frost, sweet, winter keeper, 1820s, English
Parsnip The Student Pastinaca sativa 1860 shorter wedge-shaped roots, good in heavy soil, dev. In England, distinct sweet flavour
Pea Alaska Pisum sativum 1880 smooth, early, soup or dry for split peas, good in cold soil, 2-3' plants
Pea Champion of England Pisum sativum 1843 Fairbeard's famous pea, wrinkled, tender, sweet, 5' plants
Pea Dark Green Perfection Pisum sativum 1914 wrinkled, New England favourite, heat tolerant, prolific, 3' plants
Pea Dwarf Grey Sugar Pisum sativum 1773 edible pod, early, compact plants 2' still better staked, before 1773
Pea Irish      
Pea Lincoln Pisum sativum 1880 wrinkled, home and market pea, productive, good Northern pea, 1880s, 3' plants
Pea Little Marvel Pisum sativum 1880 wrinkled, early, English pea, sweet, long lasting, dependable, 1880s, 2' plants
Pea Monk Pisum sativum 1500 squarish brown peas for soup, magenta flowers edible, grown by Dutch monks, 1500s, 4' plants
Pea Tall Telephone Pisum sativum 1878 wrinkled, later maincrop, very productive, 6' plants
Pea Thomas Laxton Pisum sativum 1880 wrinkled, all purpose, long lasting, does well in difficult climates, 1880s, 3' plants
Pea Yokomo Giant Pisum sativum   large edible pod, grown in internment camps in BC, needs strong support, 6' plants
Pepper California Wonder Capiscum annuum 1928 bell, sweet, green to red
Pepper Cayenne Long Red Capiscum annuum 1542 long, thin, very hot
Pepper King of the North Capiscum annuum 1955 bell, sweet, green to red, before 1955
Pepper Purple Beauty Capiscum annuum 1991 bell, sweet, green to purple, before 1991
Pepper Red Cherry (Cherry Sweet) Capiscum annuum 1860 tiny bell, sweet, green to red
Pepper Roma Yellow Belle Capiscum annuum 1959 bell, sweet, pale green to golden yellow, before 1959
Pepper Sheepnose Pimento Capiscum annuum   bell, sweet, green to red, stuffing, Ohio heirloom
Pepper Super Shepherd Capiscum annuum 1981 long, thick, sweet, green to red, before 1981
Pepper Sweet Bullnose Capiscum annuum 1759 bell, sweet, green to red
Potato Arran Victory Solanum tuberosum 1918 Midseason-late. deep purple, pale yellow flesh, oval, from Scotland
Potato Bintje Solanum tuberosum 1910 Late. pale yellow skin, yellow flesh, oblong, from the Netherlands
Potato Bliss Triumph Solanum tuberosum 1870 Early-pinkish red skin, white flesh, oblong, deep eyes, dev. in Vermont
Potato Blue Mac Solanum tuberosum 1979 Late. blue skin, white flesh, oblong, smooth, from Nova Scotia
Potato Blue Victor Solanum tuberosum 1860 Late. blue skin, white flesh, oblong
Potato Bluenose Solanum tuberosum   Early-light bluish purple skin, blue flesh, ong, from Nova Scotia
Potato Brigus Solanum tuberosum   Midseason-late. blue skin, yellow flesh, round, hardy, from Newfoundland, cold tolerant
Potato Caribe Solanum tuberosum 1800 Early-light purple skin, white flesh, round, dev. in New England, 1800s
Potato Carola Solanum tuberosum 1979 Mid-season. yellow skin, few eyes, yellow flesh, smooth, oblong, plum-shaped, keeps well, from Germany
Potato Cherokee Solanum tuberosum 1941 Late. light tan skin, white flesh, round, slightly flat, dev. in Maine
Potato Chieftain Solanum tuberosum 1966 Late. red skin, white flesh, oblong, reliable
Potato Conestoga Solanum tuberosum   Late. light tan skin, white flesh, round, fairly smooth, keeps well
Potato Cowhorn Solanum tuberosum 1865 Late. blue skin, white flesh, slightly U-shaped, dev. in New Hampshire, before 1865
Potato Early Ohio Solanum tuberosum 1871 Mid-season. tan skin, white flesh, round, good in heavier soil
Potato Early Rose Solanum tuberosum 1861 Early-Midseason. pinkish skin, creamy white flesh, slightly knobby, long, from Vermont
Potato Epicure Solanum tuberosum 1879 Early-pinkish tan skin, creamy white flesh, round, deep eyes, the Ayrshire potato
Potato Fortyfold Solanum tuberosum 1865 Early-Midseason. marbled pink and white, white flesh, round, from Britain
Potato Garnet Chile Solanum tuberosum 1853 Late. red skin, white flesh, deep red eyes, lumpy, from Peru, introduced in 1853
Potato Green Mountain Solanum tuberosum 1878 Late. tan skin, white flesh, oblong, deep eyes, knobby, from Vermont
Potato Irish Cobbler Solanum tuberosum 1870 Early-light tan skin, white flesh, round, knobby, 1870s.
Potato Island Sunshine Solanum tuberosum 1980 Late. yellow skin, yellow flesh, round, from PEI
Potato Katahdin Solanum tuberosum 1932 Late. buff skin, white flesh, oblong, dev. in Maine, named for mountain
Potato Kennebec Solanum tuberosum 1948 Midseason. light tan skin, russet, white flesh, oblong, adapted to the North
Potato Kerr's Pink Solanum tuberosum 1917 Late. pinkish skin, deep eyes, white flesh, round, from Scotland
Potato Norgold Russet Solanum tuberosum 1964 Early-tan skin, white flesh, long, netted, dev. in N. Dakota
Potato Norland Solanum tuberosum 1957 Early-red skin, white flesh, round, smooth, dev. in N. Dakota
Potato Red Pontiac Solanum tuberosum 1939 Late. red skin, white flesh, round, fairly smooth, dev. in N. Dakota
Potato Rideau Solanum tuberosum 1979 Early-Midseason. red skin, white flesh, round dev. in Ontario
Potato Rose Gold Solanum tuberosum 1987 Midseason. light red skin, yellow flesh, round, dev. in Ontario
Potato Royal Kidney Solanum tuberosum 1899 Early-light tan skin, pale yellow flesh, kidney-shaped, from Britain
Potato Russet Burbank Solanum tuberosum 1874 Late. tan skin, white flesh, netted, oblong, became Idaho baking potato
Potato Sebago Solanum tuberosum 1938 Midseason. tan skin, white flesh, dev. in Maine
Potato Superior Solanum tuberosum 1962 Early-light tan skin, white flesh, slightly oblong, popular in Maine
Potato Tobique Solanum tuberosum 1976 Midseason-late. tan skin with pink splashes, white flesh, dev. in Canada, oblong
Potato Trent Solanum tuberosum 1979 Midseason. light tan skin, white flesh, round, dev. in Ontario
Potato True Potato Seed      
Potato Urgenta Solanum tuberosum 1953 Midseason. pink skin, yellow flesh, oblong, from the Netherlands
Potato Warba Solanum tuberosum 1933 Early-light tan skin, seep red eyes, white flesh, round, blocky
Potato White Rose Solanum tuberosum 1893 Late. light tan skin, white flesh, long, slightly knobby, dev. in NY
Pumpkin Small Sugar Pumpkin Cucurbita pepo 1860 small meaty deep orange flesh, perfect for pies
Radish Cherry Belle Brassicaceae Raphanus sativa 1949 red, round, from Holland, crisp white inside, before 1949
Radish China Rose Brassicaceae Raphanus sativa 1840 pink skin, grown in France, good for fall planting, long blocky roots, 1840s
Radish Early Scarlet Globe Brassicaceae Raphanus sativa   red, round, white flesh, good for greenhouse, likes sandy soil
Radish French Breakfast Brassicaceae Raphanus sativa 1879 blocky halflong root, red on top, white at bottom, tender
Radish Sparkler White Tip Brassicaceae Raphanus sativa 1859 round, red with white at bottom, resists getting pithy
Radish White Globe Brassicaceae Raphanus sativa   white skin and flesh, round, spring or fall planting, stays crisp
Radish White Icicle Brassicaceae Raphanus sativa 1865 long white root, heat tolerant, best when small, before 1865
Rutabaga Laurentian Brassicaceae Brassica napa 1920 yellow with purple top, dev. In Canada
Spinach America Spinacia oleracea 1952 thick savoyed leaves, drought tolerant, before 1952
Spinach Bloomsdale Spinacia oleracea 1908 early, crumpled leaves, all-purpose, very reliable, before 1908
Spinach Giant Thick Leaf Spinacia oleracea 1867 large smoother leaves, slow to bolt, productive
Spinach Giant Winter Chenopodiaceae Spinacia oleracea 1885 slightly savoyed, early spirng or fall planting, may overwinter
Spinach Norfolk Spinacia oleracea 1880 savoyed leaves, very hardy, cold tolerant, can survive to -30F, from Quebec, 1880s
Spinach Prickly Seeded Spinacia oleracea 1806 narrow, arrow-shaped leaves, very adaptable, interesting
Squash Butternut Cucurbita moschata 1880 light tan bottle shape with thick necks, shorter, deep orange flesh, 1880s
Squash Early Yellow Crookneck Cucurbita pepo 1700 summer squash, best eaten small, smooth, tender, 1700s
Squash Golden Hubbard Cucurbita maxima    
Squash Sibley Cucurbita Maxima 1887 large Hubbard-type, slate bluish skin, orange flesh, cooks quickly
Squash Table Queen or Acorn Cucurbita pepo 1835 green lobed, yellow orange flesh, easy baker, keeps fairly well
Squash True Butternut Cucurbita moschata    
Squash Waltham Butternut Cucurbita moschata    
Swiss Chard Fordhook Giant Beta vulgaris 1750 savoyed dark green leaves, white stalks, very hardy, can overwinter
Swiss Chard Red Rhubarb Chenopodiaceae Beta vulgaris 1857 dark green crumpled leaves with dark crimson veins and stalks, hardy
Turnip, Summer Purple Top White Globe Brassicaceae Brassica rapa 1880 best eaten when small 3-4", good tops for eating, not too strong flavour, before 1880
Watermelon Cream of Saskatchewan Citrullus lanatus   brought to western Canada by Russian immigrantsm green striped skin, white flesh
Watermelon Moon and Stars Citrullus lanatus 1910 spotted skin and foliage yellow on green, red flesh
Wheat Fredrick Gramineae Triticum sativum   winter, soft milling wheat for pastry flour, dev. In Ontario, cover crop
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